Akbar the Great was the third Moghul emperor of India. During his reign, discussions about all religions flourished, and his edict of complete religious tolerance attracted scholars and theologians from different parts of the world. He granted permission to missionaries to build churches throughout India. His court scholars translated the holy book of the Hindus-Mahabharata-from Sanskrit to Persian, as well as many other texts. He was the only Muslim emperor in the history of the world who cherished the pearls of wisdom preserved inside the pages of Gita, the Torah, the Bible, and the Quran. Akbar's patronage extended to both poets and scholars, who received special honors and titles and had their books compiled and illumined. He encouraged scholars to write the history of the world, offering them generous grants from the royal treasury.